Each side gets two rooks starting on their first rank (row).
The rook moves horizontally or vertically, through any number of unoccupied squares.
Placing rooks on open files (columns) is a good idea. Having both on the same file or rank (connected rooks) is a great idea!
Castling consists of moving the king two squares towards a rook on the player's first rank, then moving the rook to the square over which the king crossed.
Make sure your king has an escape square or you'll be captured in a back rank mate! Here, the black king is captured because there is no where to escape from the rook's next move.
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