The Pawn

Starting Pawn Position

Starting Pawn Position

Each side gets eight pawns starting on the second rank (row).

One Square at a Time

One Square at a Time

Pawns move forward one square at a time.

Two Squares at a Time

Two Squares at a Time

However, if the pawn has not been moved yet, it can move two spaces forward on it's first move.

Attacks Diagonally

Attacks Diagonally

Even though pawns only move forward, they attack and capture other pieces diagonally.

En Passant

En Passant

A special rule in chess that involves a pawn capture that can only occur immediately after a pawn makes a double-step move from its starting square, and it could have been captured by an enemy pawn had it advanced only one square.

Can Promote

Can Promote

Once reaching the back rank, your pawn can promote to anything you want except a pawn or king (usually promoted to a queen).